Taking clones is an important skill to learn. When you have plants with good genetics, you can replicate the same plant over and over using clones or cuttings. It is important to always use sterile equipment when producing clones, you don’t want to risk spreading disease or fungus from external sources to your mother plant, or new babies.
You’ll need snippers, straight edge razor blade, rooting hormone, rock-wool cubes or another medium for your clones, a tray with humidity dome, and a glass of room temp water. To choose which cuttings to take, approach your mother plant (a female with a good amount of new vegetative growth.) Pick branches that have not hardened off, with a few nodes on them to use as cuttings.
Cut the branch perpendicular to the main stem, and place in room temp water while you make the rest of your cuttings. Then it’s time to trim down your clones and set them up in their new home.
Snip off all lower branches, and snip the fan leaves in half. The clone won’t need these leaves to survive and it will force the new cutting to form roots, which is your ultimate goal in the cloning process.
Cut the base of the stem, about 4-5 inches from the top at a 45 degree angle, and dip it in rooting hormone. Then insert the stem into a pencil-sized hole in your cloning medium, lightly push the medium around the stem holding it in place.
Move your clones into a seed starting tray with a humidity dome, and water. Drain off any excess, you want moist, not soaked cloning material. cover with the dome, and place under 24/7 fluorescent lighting. Temperature is important, optimally between 75-80 degrees; if necessary use a heating pad under your plants to maintain a consistent temperature.
After 4-5 days signs of rooting should be very apparent, after a week harden off your clones by exposing them to air outside of the dome for a few hours a day. When they have hardened off, transplant and start your vegetative stage. Remember your keys to success here:
- Take cuttings from a healthy mother plant
- A consistent temperature
- High humidity for at least the first few days
- Florescent bulbs for cloning
- Sterile equipment.